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Temperature and biomass influences on interannual changes in CO2 exchange in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Kato, Tomomichi; Tang, Yanhong; Gu, Song; Hirota, Mitsuru; Du, Mingyuan; Li, Yingnian; Zhao, Xinquan
2006-07-01
Source PublicationGLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
Volume12Issue:7Pages:1285-1298
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThree years of eddy covariance measurements were used to characterize the seasonal and interannual variability of the CO2 fluxes above an alpine meadow (3250 m a.s.l.) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. This alpine meadow was a weak sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net ecosystem production (NEP) of 78.5, 91.7, and 192.5 g C m(-2) yr(-1) in 2002, 2003, and 2004, respectively. The prominent, high NEP in 2004 resulted from the combination of high gross primary production (GPP) and low ecosystem respiration (R-e) during the growing season. The period of net absorption of CO2 in 2004, 179 days, was 10 days longer than that in 2002 and 5 days longer than that in 2003. Moreover, the date on which the mean air temperature first exceeded 5.0 degrees C was 10 days earlier in 2004 (DOY110) than in 2002 or 2003. This date agrees well with that on which the green aboveground biomass (Green AGB) started to increase. The relationship between light-use efficiency and Green AGB was similar among the three years. In 2002, however, earlier senescence possibly caused low autumn GPP, and thus the annual NEP, to be lower. The low summertime R-e in 2004 was apparently caused by lower soil temperatures and the relatively lower temperature dependence of R-e in comparison with the other years. These results suggest that (1) the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau plays a potentially significant role in global carbon sequestration, because alpine meadow covers about one-third of this vast plateau, and (2) the annual NEP in the alpine meadow was comprehensively controlled by the temperature environment, including its effect on biomass growth.; Three years of eddy covariance measurements were used to characterize the seasonal and interannual variability of the CO2 fluxes above an alpine meadow (3250 m a.s.l.) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. This alpine meadow was a weak sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net ecosystem production (NEP) of 78.5, 91.7, and 192.5 g C m(-2) yr(-1) in 2002, 2003, and 2004, respectively. The prominent, high NEP in 2004 resulted from the combination of high gross primary production (GPP) and low ecosystem respiration (R-e) during the growing season. The period of net absorption of CO2 in 2004, 179 days, was 10 days longer than that in 2002 and 5 days longer than that in 2003. Moreover, the date on which the mean air temperature first exceeded 5.0 degrees C was 10 days earlier in 2004 (DOY110) than in 2002 or 2003. This date agrees well with that on which the green aboveground biomass (Green AGB) started to increase. The relationship between light-use efficiency and Green AGB was similar among the three years. In 2002, however, earlier senescence possibly caused low autumn GPP, and thus the annual NEP, to be lower. The low summertime R-e in 2004 was apparently caused by lower soil temperatures and the relatively lower temperature dependence of R-e in comparison with the other years. These results suggest that (1) the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau plays a potentially significant role in global carbon sequestration, because alpine meadow covers about one-third of this vast plateau, and (2) the annual NEP in the alpine meadow was comprehensively controlled by the temperature environment, including its effect on biomass growth.
KeywordAlpine Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics Eddy Covariance Global Warming Interannual Variability
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Subject Area生物科学
WOS KeywordCARBON-DIOXIDE EXCHANGE ; NATIVE TALLGRASS PRAIRIE ; GROSS PRIMARY PRODUCTION ; NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE ; WATER-VAPOR ; ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS ; TUNDRA ECOSYSTEMS ; SOIL RESPIRATION ; ENERGY-EXCHANGE ; ARCTIC TUNDRA
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000238352800011
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/1326
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Affiliation1.Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Frontier Res Ctr Global Change, Ecosyst Change Res Program, Kanazawa Ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 2360001, Japan
2.Natl Inst Environm Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058569, Japan
3.Chinese Acad Sci, NW Plateau Inst Biol, Xining 810001, Qinghai, Peoples R China
4.Natl Inst Agroenvironm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058604, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Kato, Tomomichi,Tang, Yanhong,Gu, Song,et al. Temperature and biomass influences on interannual changes in CO2 exchange in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau[J]. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2006,12(7):1285-1298.
APA Kato, Tomomichi.,Tang, Yanhong.,Gu, Song.,Hirota, Mitsuru.,Du, Mingyuan.,...&Zhao, Xinquan.(2006).Temperature and biomass influences on interannual changes in CO2 exchange in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,12(7),1285-1298.
MLA Kato, Tomomichi,et al."Temperature and biomass influences on interannual changes in CO2 exchange in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau".GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 12.7(2006):1285-1298.
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