NWIPB OpenIR
Exploring effective sampling design for monitoring soil organic carbon in degraded Tibetan grasslands
Chang, Xiaofeng ; Bao, Xiaoying ; Wang, Shiping ; Zhu, Xiaoxue ; Luo, Caiyun ; Zhang, Zhenhua ; Wilkes, Andreas
2016-05-15
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
AbstractThe effects of climate change and human activities on grassland degradation and soil carbon stocks have become a focus of both research and policy. However, lack of research on appropriate sampling design prevents accurate assessment of soil carbon stocks and stock changes at community and regional scales. Here, we conducted an intensive survey with 1196 sampling sites over an area of 190 km(2) of degraded alpine meadow. Compared to lightly degraded meadow, soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks in moderately, heavily and extremely degraded meadow were reduced by 11.0%, 13.5% and 17.9%, respectively. Our field survey sampling design was overly intensive to estimate SOC status with a tolerable uncertainty of 10%. Power analysis showed that the optimal sampling density to achieve the desired accuracy would be 2, 3, 5 and 7 sites per 10 km2 for lightly, moderately, heavily and extremely degraded meadows, respectively. If a subsequent paired sampling design with the optimum sample size were performed, assuming stock change rates, predicted by experimental and modeling results, we estimate that about 5-10 years would be necessary to detect expected trends in SOC in the top 20 cm soil layer. Our results highlight the utility of conducting preliminary surveys to estimate the appropriate sampling density and avoid wasting resources due to over-sampling, and to estimate the sampling interval required to detect an expected sequestration rate. Future studies will be needed to evaluate spatial and temporal patterns of SOC variability. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/53052
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chang, Xiaofeng,Bao, Xiaoying,Wang, Shiping,et al. Exploring effective sampling design for monitoring soil organic carbon in degraded Tibetan grasslands[J]. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT,2016.
APA Chang, Xiaofeng.,Bao, Xiaoying.,Wang, Shiping.,Zhu, Xiaoxue.,Luo, Caiyun.,...&Wilkes, Andreas.(2016).Exploring effective sampling design for monitoring soil organic carbon in degraded Tibetan grasslands.JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT.
MLA Chang, Xiaofeng,et al."Exploring effective sampling design for monitoring soil organic carbon in degraded Tibetan grasslands".JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (2016).
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