NWIPB OpenIR
Genetic Structure and Eco-Geographical Differentiation of Lancea tibetica in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
Chi, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Faqi; Gao, Qingbo; Xing, Rui; Chen, Shilong
2019
Source PublicationGENES
Volume10Issue:2
AbstractThe uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) had a profound impact on the plant speciation rate and genetic diversity. High genetic diversity ensures that species can survive and adapt in the face of geographical and environmental changes. The Tanggula Mountains, located in the central of the QTP, have unique geographical significance. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the Tanggula Mountains as a geographical barrier on plant genetic diversity and structure by using Lancea tibetica. A total of 456 individuals from 31 populations were analyzed using eight pairs of microsatellite makers. The total number of alleles was 55 and the number per locus ranged from 3 to 11 with an average of 6.875. The polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.2693 to 0.7761 with an average of 0.4378 indicating that the eight microsatellite makers were efficient for distinguishing genotypes. Furthermore, the observed heterozygosity (H-o), the expected heterozygosity (H-e), and the Shannon information index (I) were 0.5277, 0.4949, and 0.9394, respectively, which indicated a high level of genetic diversity. We detected high genetic differentiation among all sampling sites and restricted gene flow among populations. Bayesian-based cluster analysis (STRUCTURE), principal coordinates analysis (PCoA), and Neighbor-Joining (NJ) cluster analysis based on microsatellite markers grouped the populations into two clusters: the southern branch and the northern branch. The analysis also detected genetic barriers and restricted gene flow between the two groups separated by the Tanggula Mountains. This study indicates that the geographical isolation of the Tanggula Mountains restricted the genetic connection and the distinct niches on the two sides of the mountains increased the intraspecific divergence of the plants.
KeywordLancea tibetica Tanggula Mountains genetic diversity population structure microsatellite markers
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/59859
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chi, Xiaofeng,Zhang, Faqi,Gao, Qingbo,et al. Genetic Structure and Eco-Geographical Differentiation of Lancea tibetica in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau[J]. GENES,2019,10(2).
APA Chi, Xiaofeng,Zhang, Faqi,Gao, Qingbo,Xing, Rui,&Chen, Shilong.(2019).Genetic Structure and Eco-Geographical Differentiation of Lancea tibetica in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.GENES,10(2).
MLA Chi, Xiaofeng,et al."Genetic Structure and Eco-Geographical Differentiation of Lancea tibetica in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau".GENES 10.2(2019).
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