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Physiological, metabolomic, and transcriptomic reveal metabolic pathway alterations in Gymnocypris przewalskii due to cold exposure
Liu, Sijia; Tian, Fei; Qi, Delin; Qi, Hongfang; Wang, Yang; Xu, Shixiao; Zhao, Kai
2023
Source PublicationBMC GENOMICS
Volume24Issue:1
AbstractTeleost fish have evolved various adaptations that allow them to tolerate cold water conditions. However, the underlying mechanism of this adaptation is poorly understood in Tibetan Plateau fish. RNA-seq combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) metabolomics was used to investigate the physiological responses of a Tibetan Plateau-specific teleost, Gymnocypris przewalskii, under cold conditions. The 8-month G. przewalskii juvenile fish were exposed to cold (4 celcius, cold acclimation, CA) and warm (17 celcius, normal temperature, NT) temperature water for 15 days. Then, the transcript profiles of eight tissues, including the brain, gill, heart, intestine, hepatopancreas, kidney, muscle, and skin, were evaluated by transcriptome sequencing. The metabolites of the intestine, hepatopancreas, and muscle were identified by LC-MS/MS. A total of 5,745 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained in the CA group. The key DEGs were annotated using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis. The DEGs from the eight tissues were significantly enriched in spliceosome pathways, indicating that activated alternative splicing is a critical biological process that occurs in the tissues to help fish cope with cold stress. Additionally, 82, 97, and 66 differentially expressed metabolites were identified in the intestine, hepatopancreas, and muscle, respectively. Glutathione metabolism was the only overlapping significant pathway between the transcriptome and metabolome analyses in these three tissues, indicating that an activated antioxidative process was triggered during cold stress. In combination with the multitissue transcriptome and metabolome, we established a physiology-gene-metabolite interaction network related to energy metabolism during cold stress and found that gluconeogenesis and long-chain fatty acid metabolism played critical roles in glucose homeostasis and energy supply.
Indexed BySCIE
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/61575
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Sijia,Tian, Fei,Qi, Delin,et al. Physiological, metabolomic, and transcriptomic reveal metabolic pathway alterations in Gymnocypris przewalskii due to cold exposure[J]. BMC GENOMICS,2023,24(1).
APA Liu, Sijia.,Tian, Fei.,Qi, Delin.,Qi, Hongfang.,Wang, Yang.,...&Zhao, Kai.(2023).Physiological, metabolomic, and transcriptomic reveal metabolic pathway alterations in Gymnocypris przewalskii due to cold exposure.BMC GENOMICS,24(1).
MLA Liu, Sijia,et al."Physiological, metabolomic, and transcriptomic reveal metabolic pathway alterations in Gymnocypris przewalskii due to cold exposure".BMC GENOMICS 24.1(2023).
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