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Fatty acid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler, 1876) response to thermal stress
Liu, Sijia; Chen, Shengxue; Lu, Chunna; Qi, Delin; Qi, Hongfang; Wang, Yang; Zhao, Kai; Tian, Fei
2023
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY
Volume116
AbstractThe Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is undergoing a wet-warming transition, which could affect the survival of the native fish. However, the tolerance and physiological response to thermal stress is rarely studied in Gymnocypris przewalskii, a rare native fish in the Tibetan plateau. In this study, first, we detected the thermal tolerance of five groups of six-month G. przewalskii which acclimated at 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 & DEG;C for two weeks, respectively, by critical thermal methodology. Then, through heat challenge, we detected the metabolites, key enzyme activities, and gene expressions involved in metabolism and antioxidant in the hepatopancreas when the temperatures increased from 16 & DEG;C to 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28 & DEG;C for 12 h, respectively. The results showed that although the fish are sensitive to high temperatures, the quick acclimation at mild high temperatures could significantly improve the tolerance to acute high-temperature stress in juvenile G. przewalskii. During the heat challenge study, blood glucose significantly increased at heat stress (P < 0.05). At the same time, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and free fatty acid (FFA) significantly decreased when the temperature rose continuously to 20 & DEG;C. Metabolic enzyme activities of carnitine palmityl transferase I (CPT-I), acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), and fatty acid synthase (FAS) significantly decreased at 20 & DEG;C (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) significantly increased at 20 & DEG;C (P < 0.05). The relative transcript levels of genes involved in antioxidant and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis were markedly higher than the control at 20-26 & DEG;C (P < 0.05). The genes involved in fatty acid biosynthesis or metabolism showed different expression patterns under heat stress. Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and Hsp90 were significantly higher than the control at 18 & DEG;C and 26 & DEG;C, respectively. These results confirmed the prediction that G. przewalskii is sensitive to high temperatures, so conservation efforts should pay more attention to the warming damage.
Indexed BySCIE
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/61610
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Sijia,Chen, Shengxue,Lu, Chunna,et al. Fatty acid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler, 1876) response to thermal stress[J]. JOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY,2023,116.
APA Liu, Sijia.,Chen, Shengxue.,Lu, Chunna.,Qi, Delin.,Qi, Hongfang.,...&Tian, Fei.(2023).Fatty acid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler, 1876) response to thermal stress.JOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY,116.
MLA Liu, Sijia,et al."Fatty acid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in Gymnocypris przewalskii (Kessler, 1876) response to thermal stress".JOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY 116(2023).
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