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题名: Physiological responses of artificial moss biocrusts to dehydration-rehydration process and heat stress on the Loess Plateau, China
作者: Bu Chongfeng1, 2, 3; Wang Chun1; Yang Yongsheng4; Zhang Li5; Bowker, Matthew A.6
刊名: JOURNAL OF ARID LAND
出版日期: 2017-06-01
卷号: 9, 期号:3, 页码:419-431
关键词: dehydration-rehydration ; heat stress ; Didymodon vinealis (Brid.) Zand. ; resistance ; Loess Plateau
DOI: 10.1007/s40333-017-0057-8
文章类型: Article
英文摘要: Ex-situ cultivation of biological soil crusts (biocrusts) is a promising technology to produce materials that can induce the recovery of biocrusts in the field for the purposes of preventing soil erosion and improving hydrological function in degraded ecosystems. However, the ability of artificially cultivated biocrusts to survive under adverse field conditions, including drought and heat stresses, is still relatively unknown. Mosses can bolster biocrust resistance to the stresses (e.g., drought and heat) and the resistance may be introduced prior to field cultivation. In this study, we subjected the well-developed artificial moss biocrusts (dominant species of Didymodon vinealis (Brid.) Zand.) that we cultivated in the phytotron to a dehydration-rehydration experiment and also a heat stress experiment and measured the activities of protective enzymes (including peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT)) and the contents of osmoregulatory substances (including soluble proteins and soluble sugars) and malondialdehyde (MDA, an indicator of oxidative stress) in the stem and leaf fragments of mosses. The results showed that, during the dehydration process, the activities of protective enzymes and the contents of osmoregulatory substances and MDA gradually increased with increasing duration of drought stress (over 13 days). During the rehydration process, values of these parameters decreased rapidly after 1 d of rehydration. The values then showed a gradual decrease for 5 days, approaching to the control levels. Under heat stress (45A degrees C), the activities of protective enzymes and the content of soluble proteins increased rapidly within 2 h of heat exposure and then decreased gradually with increasing duration of heat exposure. In contrast, the contents of soluble sugars and MDA always increased gradually with increasing duration of heat exposure. This study indicates that artificial moss biocrusts possess a strong drought resistance and this resistance can be enhanced after a gradual dehydration treatment. This study also indicates that artificial moss biocrusts can only resist short-term heat stress (not long-term heat stress). These findings suggest that short-term heat stress or prolonged drought stress could be used to elevate the resistance of artificial moss biocrusts to adverse conditions prior to field reintroduction.
WOS标题词: Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
类目[WOS]: Environmental Sciences
研究领域[WOS]: Environmental Sciences & Ecology
关键词[WOS]: SYNTRICHIA-CANINERVIS ; DESICCATION TOLERANCE ; TEMPERATURE STRESS ; DESERT ; SEEDLINGS ; DROUGHT ; ENZYMES ; THERMOTOLERANCE ; CATALASE ; LEAVES
收录类别: SCI
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China(41541008 ; Chinese Universities Scientific Fund(2014YQ006) ; West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(2014-91) ; Natural Science Foundation of Qinghai Province(2016-ZJ-943Q) ; 41671276)
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000401445300009
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/7090
Appears in Collections:中国科学院西北高原生物研究所_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Northwest A&F Univ, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, Yangling 712100, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, Yangling 712100, Peoples R China
3.Minist Water Resources, Yangling 712100, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Northwest Inst Plateau Biol, Xining 810001, Peoples R China
5.Qinghai Remote Sensing Monitoring Ctr Ecoenvironm, Xining 810001, Peoples R China
6.No Arizona Univ, Sch Forestry, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA
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