NWIPB OpenIR
Effects of vegetation control on ecosystem water use efficiency within and among four grassland ecosystems in China
Hu, Zhongmin1,2; Yu, Guirui1; Fu, Yuling1; Sun, Xiaomin1; Li, Yingnian3; Shi, Peili1; Wangw, Yanfen2; Zheng, Zemei1,2
2008-07-01
Source PublicationGLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
Volume14Issue:7Pages:1609-1619
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThrough 2-3-year (2003-2005) continuous eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide and water vapor fluxes, we examined the seasonal, inter-annual, and inter-ecosystem variations in the ecosystem-level water use efficiency (WUE, defined as the ratio of gross primary production, GPP, to evapotranspiration, ET) at four Chinese grassland ecosystems in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and North China. Representing the most prevalent grassland types in China, the four ecosystems are an alpine swamp meadow ecosystem, an alpine shrub-meadow ecosystem, an alpine meadow-steppe ecosystem, and a temperate steppe ecosystem, which illustrate a water availability gradient and thus provide us an opportunity to quantify environmental and biological controls on ecosystem WUE at different spatiotemporal scales. Seasonally, WUE tracked closely with GPP at the four ecosystems, being low at the beginning and the end of the growing seasons and high during the active periods of plant growth. Such consistent correspondence between WUE and GPP suggested that photosynthetic processes were the dominant regulator of the seasonal variations in WUE. Further investigation indicated that the regulations were mainly due to the effect of leaf area index (LAI) on carbon assimilation and on the ratio of transpiration to ET (T/ET). Besides, except for the swamp meadow, LAI also controlled the year-to-year and site-to-site variations in WUE in the same way, resulting in the years or sites with high productivity being accompanied by high WUE. The general good correlation between LAI and ecosystem WUE indicates that it may be possible to predict grassland ecosystem WUE simply with LAI. Our results also imply that climate change-induced shifts in vegetation structure, and consequently LAI may have a significant impact on the relationship between ecosystem carbon and water cycles in grasslands.; Through 2-3-year (2003-2005) continuous eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide and water vapor fluxes, we examined the seasonal, inter-annual, and inter-ecosystem variations in the ecosystem-level water use efficiency (WUE, defined as the ratio of gross primary production, GPP, to evapotranspiration, ET) at four Chinese grassland ecosystems in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and North China. Representing the most prevalent grassland types in China, the four ecosystems are an alpine swamp meadow ecosystem, an alpine shrub-meadow ecosystem, an alpine meadow-steppe ecosystem, and a temperate steppe ecosystem, which illustrate a water availability gradient and thus provide us an opportunity to quantify environmental and biological controls on ecosystem WUE at different spatiotemporal scales. Seasonally, WUE tracked closely with GPP at the four ecosystems, being low at the beginning and the end of the growing seasons and high during the active periods of plant growth. Such consistent correspondence between WUE and GPP suggested that photosynthetic processes were the dominant regulator of the seasonal variations in WUE. Further investigation indicated that the regulations were mainly due to the effect of leaf area index (LAI) on carbon assimilation and on the ratio of transpiration to ET (T/ET). Besides, except for the swamp meadow, LAI also controlled the year-to-year and site-to-site variations in WUE in the same way, resulting in the years or sites with high productivity being accompanied by high WUE. The general good correlation between LAI and ecosystem WUE indicates that it may be possible to predict grassland ecosystem WUE simply with LAI. Our results also imply that climate change-induced shifts in vegetation structure, and consequently LAI may have a significant impact on the relationship between ecosystem carbon and water cycles in grasslands.
KeywordAlpine Grassland Chinaflux Eddy Covariance Evapotranspiration Leaf Area Index Soil Evaporation Temperate Grassland Transpiration
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Subject Area生物科学
WOS KeywordLEYMUS-CHINENSIS STEPPE ; CARBON-DIOXIDE ; CO2 EXCHANGE ; TIBETAN PLATEAU ; VAPOR EXCHANGE ; INNER-MONGOLIA ; EVAPORATION ; FOREST ; EVAPOTRANSPIRATION ; PHOTOSYNTHESIS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000256446300014
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/1213
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Synth Res Ctr Chinese Ecosyst Res Network, Key Lab Ecosyst Network Observat & Modeling, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, NW Inst Plateau Biol, Xining 810001, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Hu, Zhongmin,Yu, Guirui,Fu, Yuling,et al. Effects of vegetation control on ecosystem water use efficiency within and among four grassland ecosystems in China[J]. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2008,14(7):1609-1619.
APA Hu, Zhongmin.,Yu, Guirui.,Fu, Yuling.,Sun, Xiaomin.,Li, Yingnian.,...&Zheng, Zemei.(2008).Effects of vegetation control on ecosystem water use efficiency within and among four grassland ecosystems in China.GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,14(7),1609-1619.
MLA Hu, Zhongmin,et al."Effects of vegetation control on ecosystem water use efficiency within and among four grassland ecosystems in China".GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 14.7(2008):1609-1619.
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