NWIPB OpenIR
Shifting plant species composition in response to climate change stabilizes grassland primary production
Liu, Huiying1,2; Mi, Zhaorong3; Lin, Li1,2; Wang, Yonghui1,2; Zhang, Zhenhua3; Zhang, Fawei3; Wang, Hao1,2; Liu, Lingli4; Zhu, Biao1,2; Cao, Guangmin3; Zhao, Xinquan3; Sanders, Nathan J.5,6; Classen, Aimee T.5,6; Reich, Peter B.7,8; He, Jin-Sheng1,2,3
2018-04-17
Source PublicationPROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Volume115Issue:16Pages:4051-4056
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe structure and function of alpine grassland ecosystems, including their extensive soil carbon stocks, are largely shaped by temperature. The Tibetan Plateau in particular has experienced significant warming over the past 50 y, and this warming trend is projected to intensify in the future. Such climate change will likely alter plant species composition and net primary production (NPP). Here we combined 32 y of observations and monitoring with a manipulative experiment of temperature and precipitation to explore the effects of changing climate on plant community structure and ecosystem function. First, long-term climate warming from 1983 to 2014, which occurred without systematic changes in precipitation, led to higher grass abundance and lower sedge abundance, but did not affect aboveground NPP. Second, an experimental warming experiment conducted over 4 y had no effects on any aspect of NPP, whereas drought manipulation (reducing precipitation by 50%), shifted NPP allocation belowground without affecting total NPP. Third, both experimental warming and drought treatments, supported by a meta-analysis at nine sites across the plateau, increased grass abundance at the expense of biomass of sedges and forbs. This shift in functional group composition led to deeper root systems, which may have enabled plant communities to acquire more water and thus stabilize ecosystem primary production even with a changing climate. Overall, our study demonstrates that shifting plant species composition in response to climate change may have stabilized primary production in this high-elevation ecosystem, but it also caused a shift from aboveground to belowground productivity.
KeywordAlpine Ecosystem Warming Experiment Long-term Monitoring Ecosystem Functioning Tibetan Plateau
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
DOI10.1073/pnas.1700299114
WOS KeywordQINGHAI-TIBETAN PLATEAU ; SOIL ORGANIC-CARBON ; ALPINE MEADOW ; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS ; VEGETATION GROWTH ; ARCTIC TUNDRA ; LAND-USE ; BIOMASS ; CHINA ; METAANALYSIS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDA05050000) ; National Basic Research Program of China(2014CB954000) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31630009 ; Semper Ardens grant from the Carlsberg Foundation ; 31570394 ; 31321061)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000430191900046
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/13352
Collection中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Dept Ecol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Key Lab Earth Surface Proc, Minist Educ, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Northwest Inst Plateau Biol, Key Lab Adaptat & Evolut Plateau Biota, Xining 810008, Qinghai, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Bot, State Key Lab Vegetat & Environm Change, Beijing 100093, Peoples R China
5.Univ Vermont, Rubenstein Sch Environm & Nat Resources, Burlington, VT 05405 USA
6.Univ Copenhagen, Cte Macroecol Evolut & Climate, Nat Hist Museum Denmark, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
7.Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN 55108 USA
8.Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Huiying,Mi, Zhaorong,Lin, Li,et al. Shifting plant species composition in response to climate change stabilizes grassland primary production[J]. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,2018,115(16):4051-4056.
APA Liu, Huiying.,Mi, Zhaorong.,Lin, Li.,Wang, Yonghui.,Zhang, Zhenhua.,...&He, Jin-Sheng.(2018).Shifting plant species composition in response to climate change stabilizes grassland primary production.PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,115(16),4051-4056.
MLA Liu, Huiying,et al."Shifting plant species composition in response to climate change stabilizes grassland primary production".PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 115.16(2018):4051-4056.
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