NWIPB OpenIR
Effect of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss on the Tibetan plateau
Luo, Caiyun1,2; Xu, Guangping1,2; Chao, Zengguo1,2; Wang, Shiping1; Lin, Xingwu3; Hu, Yigang1,2; Zhang, Zhenhua1,2; Duan, Jichuang1,2; Chang, Xiaofeng1,2; Su, Ailing1,2; Li, Yingnian1; Zhao, Xinquan1; Du, Mingyuan4; Tang, Yanghong5; Kimball, Bruce6
2010-05-01
发表期刊GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
ISSN1354-1013
卷号16期号:5页码:1606-1617
文章类型Article
摘要Knowledge about the role of litter and dung decomposition in nutrient cycling and response to climate change and grazing in alpine ecosystems is still rudimentary. We conducted two separate studies to assess the relative role of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and on the temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss. Experiments were conducted for 1-2 years under a controlled warming-grazing system and along an elevation gradient from 3200 to 3800 m. A free-air temperature enhancement system (FATE) using infrared heaters and grazing significantly increased soil temperatures (average 0.5-1.6 degrees C) from 0 to 40 cm depth, but neither warming nor grazing affected soil moisture except early in the growing seasons at 30 cm soil depth. Heaters caused greater soil warming at night-time compared with daytime, but grazing resulted in greater soil warming during daytime compared with night-time. Annual average values of the soil temperature at 5 cm were 3.2, 2.4 and 0.3 degrees C at 3200, 3600 and 3800 m, respectively. Neither warming nor grazing caused changes of litter quality for the first year of the controlled warming-grazing experiment. The effects of warming and grazing on litter mass losses were additive, increasing litter mass losses by about 19.3% and 8.3%, respectively, for the 2-year decomposition periods. The temperature sensitivity of litter mass losses was approximately 11% degrees C-1 based on the controlled warming-grazing experiment. The annual cumulative litter mass loss was approximately 2.5 times that of dung along the elevation gradient. However, the temperature sensitivity (about 18% degrees C-1) of the dung mass loss was about three times that of the litter mass loss. These results suggest greater warming at night-time compared with daytime may accelerate litter mass loss, and grazing will enhance carbon loss to atmosphere in the region through a decrease of litter biomass and an increase of dung production with an increase of stocking rate in future warmer conditions.; Knowledge about the role of litter and dung decomposition in nutrient cycling and response to climate change and grazing in alpine ecosystems is still rudimentary. We conducted two separate studies to assess the relative role of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and on the temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss. Experiments were conducted for 1-2 years under a controlled warming-grazing system and along an elevation gradient from 3200 to 3800 m. A free-air temperature enhancement system (FATE) using infrared heaters and grazing significantly increased soil temperatures (average 0.5-1.6 degrees C) from 0 to 40 cm depth, but neither warming nor grazing affected soil moisture except early in the growing seasons at 30 cm soil depth. Heaters caused greater soil warming at night-time compared with daytime, but grazing resulted in greater soil warming during daytime compared with night-time. Annual average values of the soil temperature at 5 cm were 3.2, 2.4 and 0.3 degrees C at 3200, 3600 and 3800 m, respectively. Neither warming nor grazing caused changes of litter quality for the first year of the controlled warming-grazing experiment. The effects of warming and grazing on litter mass losses were additive, increasing litter mass losses by about 19.3% and 8.3%, respectively, for the 2-year decomposition periods. The temperature sensitivity of litter mass losses was approximately 11% degrees C-1 based on the controlled warming-grazing experiment. The annual cumulative litter mass loss was approximately 2.5 times that of dung along the elevation gradient. However, the temperature sensitivity (about 18% degrees C-1) of the dung mass loss was about three times that of the litter mass loss. These results suggest greater warming at night-time compared with daytime may accelerate litter mass loss, and grazing will enhance carbon loss to atmosphere in the region through a decrease of litter biomass and an increase of dung production with an increase of stocking rate in future warmer conditions.
关键词Alpine Meadow Climate Change Decomposition Dung Global Change Grazing Infrared Litter Temperature Sensitivity Warming
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]SOIL-NITROGEN AVAILABILITY ; LEAF-LITTER ; DECOMPOSITION RATES ; CLIMATE-CHANGE ; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS ; ORGANIC-CARBON ; LIGNIN CONTROL ; ARCTIC TUNDRA ; FOREST LITTER ; COLD BIOMES
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Biodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS类目Biodiversity Conservation ; Ecology ; Environmental Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000276696100015
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://210.75.249.4/handle/363003/1718
专题中国科学院西北高原生物研究所
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, NW Inst Plateau Biol, Key Lab Adaptat & Evolut Plateau Biota, Xining 810008, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Soil Sci, State Key Lab Soil & Sustainable Agr, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
4.Natl Inst Agroenvironm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058604, Japan
5.Natl Inst Environm Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058506, Japan
6.ARS, US Arid Land Agr Res Ctr, USDA, Maricopa, AZ 85238 USA
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GB/T 7714
Luo, Caiyun,Xu, Guangping,Chao, Zengguo,et al. Effect of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss on the Tibetan plateau[J]. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,2010,16(5):1606-1617.
APA Luo, Caiyun.,Xu, Guangping.,Chao, Zengguo.,Wang, Shiping.,Lin, Xingwu.,...&Kimball, Bruce.(2010).Effect of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss on the Tibetan plateau.GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY,16(5),1606-1617.
MLA Luo, Caiyun,et al."Effect of warming and grazing on litter mass loss and temperature sensitivity of litter and dung mass loss on the Tibetan plateau".GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 16.5(2010):1606-1617.
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